Linnaeus' portrait Linnaeus' symbols
Linnean herbarium (S-LINN)

Department of Phanerogamic Botany
Swedish Museum of Natural History (S)


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Linnean herbarium
      Linnean types
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Historical Botanical collections

Department of Phanerogamic Botany

Swedish Museum of Natural History

Linnaeus made few notes on the herbarium sheets. Sometimes he wrote the name of the genera (e. g. Ptelea) with big letters on the top of the sheet, but in most cases he only wrote a number on the bottom of the sheet which indicated the number of the species in his "Species Plantarum". Sometimes he also wrote the species name (e. g. Avena spicata) but this is more often written by Linnaeus' son or some of the disciples Daniel Solander or Andreas Dahl.

Notes of the locality is rare on Linnean sheets. Sometimes he made small notes with symbols or abbreviations. Some of the most common are listed here. (If you click on the images you see the sheet from which the example originates.)

Central Asia Central Asia
Western Asia Western Asia. (Probably mostly specimens from baron Sten Carl Bjelke)
Eastern Asia Eastern Asia
Kamchatka Kamchatka
Hortus Upsaliensis Hortus Upsaliensis, i.e. grown in the Botanical garden in Uppsala
Lappland Lappland
the Orient the Orient (or sometimes Osbeck)
Cap Bonna Spei Caput Bonnae Spei, i. e. Cape Province, South Africa
Sometimes Linnaeus also made a note of the collector of the specimen. Examples of common abbreviation are:
Brown Patrick Brown
Löfling L Pehr Löfling
Pehr Kalm Pehr Kalm
van Royen Adriaan van Royen


Lindman, C. A. M., 1907: A Linnean Herbarium in the Natural History Museum in Stockholm. 1. Monandria-Tetrandia, Arkiv för Botanik, band 7, nr.3

Savage, S., 1945: A Catalogue of the Linnean herbarium. Taylor & Francis Ltd., London.
Latest update: 6 August 1999
Comments on this page: Arne Anderberg
Comments on the Swedish Museum of Natural History website