NRM Ichthyology Type Collection — Museum Adolphi Friderici

NRM 94

Acipenser sturio

Current taxonomic status
Current name Acipenser sturio, family Acipenseridae (Teleostei: Acipenseriformes).

Specimen data
1 specimen, 182 mm TL

Original description
Acipenser Sturio Linnaeus, 1758: 237 (type locality: Mari Europaeo)

Other references
Acipenser europaeus Linnaeus, 1754: 54, pl. 28, fig. 2

Description of "Acipenser europaeus" in Linnaeus (1754)

Illustration of "Acipenser europaeus" in Linnaeus (1754)

Type status
Recognized as probable syntype specimen of Acipenser sturio by Fernholm & Wheeler (1983: 208).

Curatorial record
Current catalogue number assigned in 1996.
Labels available from Quensel, Dalman and Bergström.
Cataloged by Quensel (1800), Swartz (1808) and Dalman (1828).

Label written by C Quensel (before 1806)

Label written by J Dalman (1818-1828)

Linnaeus (1758) also referred to Gronovius' (1756: 42) very detailed description of 'Acipenser corpore tuberculis spinosis aspero'. An Acipenser sturio specimen from the Gronovius collection is still preserved, BMNH 1853.11.12:210, and it may also have syntype status, but Wheeler (1958: 296) expressed doubt about the identity of the preserved specimen (496 mm) with the one so meticulously described, and it would indeed seem like that dissection must have been destructive. Referring to incomplete curatorial record of the NRM specimen, Fernholm & Wheeler (1983: 209) expressed doubt about its status as coming from the Museum Adolphi Friderici, but it is now confirmed as listed in the 1808 catalogue, and thus has a continuous record suggesting that it is a syntype of A. sturio .

Literature cited
FERNHOLM, B. & A. WHEELER. 1983. Linnaean fish specimens in the Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 78: 199-286.
GRONOVIUS, L.T. 1756. Musei Ichthyologici tomus secundus sistens piscium indigenorum & nonnullorum exoticorum, quorum maxima pars in Museo Laurentii Theodori Gronovii, J.U.D. adservatur, nec non quorumdam in aliis Museis observatorum descriptiones. Published by author, Lugduni Batavorum.
LINNAEUS, C. 1754. Hans Maj:ts Adolf Frideriks vår allernådigste konungs naturalie samling innehållande sällsynte och främmande djur, som bevaras på kongl. lust-slottet Ulriksdahl beskrefne och afritade samt på nådig befallning utgifne af Carl Linnaeus. Stockholm.
LINNAEUS, C. 1758. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Holmiae.
WHEELER, A.. C. 1958. The Gronovius fish collection: a catalogue and historical account. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Historical Series 1: 187-249.

Authors: Sven O Kullander (text, scanning), Anders Silfvergrip (photographs)
Copyright © 1997 Swedish Museum of Natural History and the authors.
Disclaimer: This document is not to be considered as published in the sense of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, and statements herein are not herewith made available for purposes of zoological nomenclature.

Museum Adolphi Friderici Fish Catalogue

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