NRM Ichthyology Type Collection — Museum Adolphi Friderici


Labrus punctatus

Labrus punctatus. Lectotype NRM 4. Click for larger image.   Labrus punctatus. Lectotype NRM 4. X-radiograph. Click for larger image.

Current taxonomic status
Current name Polycentrus punctatus or Polycentrus schomburgkii, family Polycentridae (Teleostei: Perciformes: Percoidei).

Specimen data
1 specimen, 55 mm SL, 72 mm TL.

Original description
Labrus punctatus Linnaeus, 1758: 285 (type locality: Surinam)

Other references
Sciaena punctata Linnaeus, 1754: 66, pl. 31, fig. 5.

Description of "Sciaena punctata" in Linnaeus (1754)

Illustration of "Sciaena punctata" in Linnaeus (1754)

Type status
Recognized as type specimen of Labrus punctatus by Smitt (1892: 11), Fernholm & Wheeler (1983: 252) and Kullander (1983: 84). Lectotype of Labrus punctatus, selected by Kullander (1983: 84). Opinion 1954 recognises this specimen as the lectotype of Labrus punctatus, but rules that whenever considered conspecific with Polycentrus schomburgkii Müller & Troschel, 1849, the latter name has priority. There is no recent revision of the genus Polycentrus and all nominal species are potentially valid.

Curatorial record
Current catalogue number assigned in 1996. Previous catalogue numbers include NRM LP4 (used by Fernholm & Wheeler, 1983) and NRM 43 (used by Kullander, 1983).
Labels available from Ulriksdal, Dalman and Bergström.
Cataloged by Quensel (1800), Dalman (1828).

Linnaeus referred to two sources in his description of Labrus punctatus, viz. his own "Sciaena punctata" (Linnaeus, 1754), and Gronovius' (1754: 36) "Labrus bruneus, ossiculo ...", which was then figured by Gronovius (1756: pl. 5, fig. 4). The Gronovius specimen is now lost (Wheeler, 1958; Kullander, 1983).

Specimen of Polycentrus punctatus, NRM 27998, collected in French Guiana. Photo © Sven O Kullander
Living specimen of Polycentrus punctatus, NRM 27998, 30.8 mm SL, from the Sinnamary drainage, French Guiana.

Literature cited
FERNHOLM, B. & A. WHEELER. 1983. Linnaean fish specimens in the Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 78: 199-286.
GRONOVIUS, L. T. 1754. Museum Ichthyologicum, sistens piscium indigenorum & quorumdam exoticorum, qui in Museo Laurentii Theodori Gronovii, J.U.D. adservantur, descriptiones ordine systematico. Published by author, Lugduni Batavorum.
[INTERNATIONAL COMMISSION ON ZOOLOGICAL NOMENCLATURE]. 2000. Opinion 1954. Labrus Linnaeus, 1758, Cichlasoma Swainson, 1839 and Polycentrus Müller & Troschel, 1849 (Osteichthyes, Perciformes): conserved by the designation of Labrus mixtus Linnaeus, 1758 as the type species of Labrus and L. bimaculatus Linnaeus, 1758 as the type species of Cichlasoma; and Polycentrus schomburgkii Müller & Troschel, 1849: specific name given precedence over L. punctatus Linnaeus, 1758. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, 57: 131-136.
KULLANDER, S.O. 1983. A revision of the South American cichlid genus Cichlasoma. Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm.
LINNAEUS, C. 1754. Hans Maj:ts Adolf Frideriks vår allernådigste konungs naturalie samling innehållande sällsynte och främmande djur, som bevaras på kongl. lust-slottet Ulriksdahl beskrefne och afritade samt på nådig befallning utgifne af Carl Linnaeus. Stockholm.
LINNAEUS, C. 1758. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Holmiae.
SMITT, F.A. 1892. Skandinaviens fiskar målade af W. von Wright beskrifna av B. Fries, C.U. Ekström och C. Sundevall. Andra upplagan. Bearbetning och fortsättning. Text. Förra delen. P.A. Norstedt & Söners Förlag, Stockholm, pp. 1-566+I-VIII+2 pp.
WHEELER, A. C. 1958. The Gronovius fish collection: a catalogue and historical account. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Historical Series 1: 187-249.

Authors: Sven O Kullander (text, scanning, x-radiographs, photograps), Anders Silfvergrip (photographs)
Copyright © 1997-2000 Swedish Museum of Natural History and the authors.
Disclaimer: This document is not to be considered as published in the sense of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, and statements herein are not herewith made available for purposes of zoological nomenclature.

Museum Adolphi Friderici Fish Catalogue

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